Facts and figures


  • With about 630,000 residents, Rotterdam is the second largest city in the Netherlands.
  • It was founded in 1270 and was granted city rights in 1340.
  • The worst disaster to befall the city took place on 14 May 1940. On that Tuesday during the first year of the Second World War, practically the whole of Rotterdam’s old city centre was destroyed in the Rotterdam blitz. In 2016 Rotterdam celebrated 75 years of reconstruction of the city with a special festival.
  • With a market share of 30% container throughput, Rotterdam is the largest port of Europe, tenth in the world.
  • The port stretches 40 kilometers out from the city towards the North Sea. In 2013 Maasvlakte II was officially put into use. This meant an increase of the total port area with app. 20%.


Population (July 2016)    630,000
Surface area    32.416 hectares
Water 11.529 hectares
Nationalities app. 170
Number of hotel guests (2016) 1.043.000
Number of hotel overnight stays (2016)    1.632.000
Passengers Rotterdam The Hague Airport (2016) 823.985
Visits attractions (2016) 3.58 million
Top 5 attractions  
1. Diergaarde Blijdorp (Zoo)  
2. Spido  
3. Euromast  
4. Plaswijckpark  
5. ss Rotterdam  
Visits musea ( 2016) 1.13 million
Top 5 musea  
1. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen  
2. Kunsthal Rotterdam  
3. Maritiem Museum  
4. Het Nieuwe Instituut  
5. Nederlands Fotomuseum  


See also:
- Press release Rotterdam sees a new record in foreign investments
- Infographic 2016 (PDF)